ISIS Energy Sector As Material Capabilities In Establishing Islamic State Based On Robert W. Cox Approach

Main Article Content

Faris Febrianto


ISIS is a terrorist group that controls parts of Iraq and Syria which targets the energy sector in various attacks to control an energy source. Meanwhile, ISIS uses the energy sector to encourage its financial sector to be able to establish and maintain the Islamic State. In this article, the author uses a qualitative method that relies on internet-based research as a data collection technique and uses a Robert W. Cox approach for data analysis. This article aims to analyze the energy sector controlled by ISIS as material capabilities in realizing the Islamic State based on the approach of Robert W. Cox. The author finds that ISIS has control over oil refineries and natural gas fields in its territory so that it makes a large contribution to ISIS finances. The energy sector has also resulted in ISIS being able to establish the Islamic State and supply its military forces to defend it. Through the approach of Robert W. Cox, it can be concluded that the energy sector is a material capability owned by ISIS to build power and the Islamic State.

Article Details

How to Cite
Febrianto, F. (2020). ISIS Energy Sector As Material Capabilities In Establishing Islamic State Based On Robert W. Cox Approach. Journal of International Studies on Energy Affairs, 2(2), 139–147.


Cooper, W. The Unanticipated Threat of ISIS: Rise, Growth, and Stability. Towson University Journal of International Affairs, 47-58.

Hansen-Lewis, J., & Shapiro, J. N. (2015). Understanding the Daesh economy. Perspectives on Terrorism, 9(4), 142-155.

Luciani, G. (2011). Armed conflicts and security of oil and gas supplies. CEPS Working Documents. Retrieved from

Rijal, N. K. (2017). Eksistensi dan Perkembangan ISIS: Dari Irak Hingga Indonesia. Jurnal Ilmiah Hubungan Internasional, 13(1), 45-60. Retrieved from

Shelton, H. (1998). Joint tactics, techniques and procedures for antiterrorism. Joint Pub, 3-07. Retrieved from

Solomon, E., Kwong, R., Bernard, S. (2015). Inside Isis Inc: The journey of a barrel of oil. Financial Times. Retrieved from

Speckhard, A., & Yayla, A. S. (2016). ISIS revenues include sales of oil to the al-Assad regime. ICSVE Brief Reports.

Stergiou, D. (2016). ISIS political economy: financing a terror state. Journal of money laundering control. Retrieved from

Tiara, N., & Handayani, W. P. (2016). MENGENAL ISIS LEBIH DEKAT: MENYOAL IDEOLOGI GERAKAN ISIS: MENYOAL IDEOLOGI GERAKAN ISIS. Jisiera: The Journal of Islamic Studies and International Relations, 1(2), 157-172. Retrieved from

Tichý, L. (2019). Energy infrastructure as a target of terrorist attacks from the Islamic state in Iraq and Syria. International Journal of Critical Infrastructure Protection, 25, 1-13. Retrieved from

Tichý, L. (2019). The Islamic State oil and gas strategy in North Africa. Energy Strategy Reviews, 24, 254-260. Retrieved from